A Constitution is a written document that sets forth the limits, duties and powers of a government and guarantees rights to the people who are subject to that government's laws and regulations. There is one United States Constitution and there is a Constitution for each separate state. The United States Constitution has seven Articles and 27 Amendments. In criminal law, the 4th, 5th and 6th Amendments are the most important.
- 4th Amendment - Search and Seizure
- 5th Amendment - Trial and Punishment
- 6th Amendment - Right to Speedy Trial, Confrontation of Witnesses.