Force is pressure, power or violence that is directed towards a person
or thing. When force is used as a verb it means to compel someone to do
something by physical means or by legal requirement.
Actual force — strength or power, especially if it is a violent act directed
at a person or robbery victim.
Constructive force — in regard to robbery, anything that produces fear, such as threats,
gestures and intimidation to gain control and to prevent resistance.
Actual force is applied to a robbery victim; constructive force operates on the mind.
Deadly force — violent action used for the purpose of creating a substantial risk of death
or serious bodily injury. Deadly force can be used in self-defense if
an attacker uses deadly force. Also referred to as
Excessive force — force that is unnecessary, unreasonable, or unjustified under the circumstances.
The use of deadly force to respond to taunts by an upset neighbor is an
example of excessive force.
Extreme force — See deadly force (above).